An otolaryngologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose and throat diseases as well as related structures of the head and neck. Otolaryngologists are also referred to as ENT doctors or physicians. For more information, visit www.entnet.org.
What Do ENT Specialists Treat?
Hearing loss affects one in ten North Americans. The unique domain of Otolaryngologists is the treatment of ear disorders. They are trained in both the medical and surgical treatment of hearing, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), nerve pain, and facial and cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health complaints in America. Care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of Otolaryngologists. Management of the nasal area includes allergies and sense of smell. Breathing through, and the appearance of, the nose are also part of Otolaryngologists’ expertise.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating a meal all involve this vital area. Also specific to Otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases of the larynx (voice box) and the upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
The Head and Neck
This center of the body includes the important nerves that control sight, smell, hearing, and the face. In the head and neck area, Otolaryngologists are trained to treat infectious diseases, both benign and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities of the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
What causes sinusitis and how is it treated?
Infection of the sinus cavities often occurs due to inflammation and obstruction of the sinus drainage pathways. Typical symptoms of a sinus infection include facial pain and pressure, nasal obstruction, yellow or green nasal drainage, fatigue and fever. Treatment of a sinus infection may include nasal decongestants and antibiotics. People with chronic sinus drainage may benefit from endoscopic sinus surgery.
What can be done about my snoring?
Snoring is a common problem that may occur alone or in combination with obstructive sleep apnea.
Snoring typically is caused by vibration of tissues within the oral pharynx (the uvula and palate). Nasal obstruction can be another cause. In mild snoring, these measures may help: losing weight, sleeping on your side rather than your back, avoiding sedatives and alcohol. Surgery can reduce the size of the soft tissue of uvula and palate, and also relieve nasal obstruction. Office turbinate surgery may also help snoring by improving nasal breathing.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea:
Obstructive apnea is a cessation of breathing that last ten seconds or more. Repeated episodes can significantly disrupt sleep. Manifestations of sleep apnea include snoring, restless sleep, and daytime fatigue. Many advances have been made in treatment of sleep apnea.
What does the evaluation of a neck lump entail?
A complete head and neck exam is essential to view the entire upper airway and digestive tract. It is important to assess a history of smoking in a patient with a neck nodule.
During the ENT office exam, the location of the nodule can often given a clue as to its identity. CT and MRI scanning and other imaging evaluation is sometimes necessary. Fine needle aspiration and biopsy is an important test and usually provides a definitive diagnosis without surgery.
What Is The Difference Between Chronic Sinusitis And Allergies Or Colds?
Sinusitis is often preceded by a cold or allergy attack. Colds and allergies can lead to inflamed sinuses, causing the sinus openings to become blocked. This prevents normal mucus drainage and can result in sinusitis.
Does Balloon Sinuplasty Work?
Clinical research confirms that Balloon Sinuplasty provides long-term relief from sinus symptoms by effectively opening blocked sinus passageways.
What Are The Advantages Of The Balloon Sinuplasty Over Traditional Sinus Surgery?
Balloon Sinuplasty is less invasive than traditional sinus surgery with minimal bleeding. While recovery time varies with each patient, recovery is typically fast. In a study of in-office balloon dilation, most patients returned to work and normal activity within 2 days.
Are there any Treatments for Ear Infections?
Ear infections are extremely common in children. Immediate treatment can reduce pain, swelling and discomfort while putting a stop to more chronic illnesses and hearing loss.
The most commonly prescribed treatment is antibiotics. Dr. Cohen will use an otoscope to examine the patient’s ear and will diagnose the type of ear infection. He will then recommend the ideal antibiotic and the dosage to be consumed. Pain relief medication such as Advil, Tylenol and Aspirin are also prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation in the ear.
In severe ear infections which result in accumulation of liquid in the ear, the ENT will conduct a procedure called myringotomy, which helps drain the infection out of the ear. This procedure can be done in the office under local antistatic for patients 15 year or older. This treatment is safe for children and adults alike.